Complementary Programs

The RMI regularly collaborates with other programs that address mineral sourcing issues from an industry perspective. Please click on the image for a mineral supply chain framework infographic that includes many of the programs and initiatives listed below.

RMI Upstream Due Diligence

As part of its collaborative efforts, RMI engages with upstream partners, including assurance mechanisms. In support of implementing, monitoring and tracking performance of upstream risk mitigation, RMI conducts on-ongoing due diligence review of the upstream mechanisms incident processes. In 2016, the RMI conducted a review of iTSCi incidents and in 2017 the RMI added the review of BSP incidents. The RMI shares opportunities for improvement observed with both programs. In 2018 the RMI conducted on-site visits of mine sites for both schemes in the DRC and Rwanda and conducted meetings with key stakeholders. For more information, please click HERE.

RMI has created an upstream smelter due diligence fund to provide smelters and refiners a financial incentive to source from conflict-affected and high-risk areas (CAHRAs) offsetting the costs of mine-level assessments where no upstream assurance mechanism currently exists. The fund is an opportunity to encourage responsible sourcing from CAHRAs, while cultivating on-the-ground capacity and encouraging transparency in a manner that is not cost-prohibitive. The fund is housed in the RBA Foundation. Companies can contribute to the fund at their voluntary discretion, and receive acknowledgement. To be eligible for use of the funds, smelters must first meet the RMAP eligibility requirements.


Some key complementary programs to the RMI include:

Better Sourcing Program

The Better Sourcing Program has worked in collaboration with operators across the minerals supply chain to offer a scalable solution for responsible sourcing assurance and validation of upstream procurement, to support conformance of the receiving smelter with the RMI’s Responsible Minerals Assurance Process. It is designed primarily to encourage a flexible, comprehensive and transparent approach to responsible mineral sourcing, including from artisanal and small-scale mine sites.

Better Sourcing works with exporters not only in countries covered by Section 1502 of the United States’ Dodd Frank Act, but also exporters and importers likely to fall under the global scope of the EU Regulation on responsibly sourced minerals, to obtain or regain access to responsibly sourcing markets by demonstrating an improvement of supply chain conditions.

Better Sourcing compliance with the Responsible Minerals Assurance Process is based on strict, third-party audited application of principles from the OECD Due Diligence Guidance. It relies on the implementation of robust management systems (policies, procedures, traceability, transparency, monitoring, consultation, reporting) from mine to smelter, as well as ongoing risk evaluation and mitigation accounting for the specific circumstances of each supply chain, while minimizing costs to operators. To learn more about Better Sourcing, please write to


The International Tin Supply Chain Initiative (ITSCI) is a joint industry mechanism designed to address responsible sourcing concerns in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Rwanda and other Great Lakes Region countries. ITSCI establishes traceability in the upstream mineral chain for 3T minerals by working with local Governments and their field agents, and assists companies to establish due diligence through independent monitoring on the ground and regular audits. ITSCI supports the practical implementation of the OECD’s Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas as well as the UN Security Council Resolution 1952 (2010) due diligence recommendations. Members are expected to recognise all aspects of these guidelines and cooperate with monitoring, evaluation and audits as required, as well as working on their own company policies and contracts to influence the supply chain in a positive way. Through the implementation of the internationally recognised OECD Guidance, ITSCI aims to aid compliance with the US Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) Rule interpreting the US Dodd Frank law, section 1502 on responsibly sourced minerals. ITSCI complements other initiatives, including the Responsible Minerals Assurance Process (RMAP), the ICGLR’s Regional Certification Initiative, and BGR’s Certified Trading Chains Initiative (CTC). For additional inquiries, please write to


The Mines to Markets initiative is focused on responsible sourcing, including further reinforcing the systems that enable companies to responsibly source minerals, working with leading corporations to reduce child labor in mining in DRC, and improving health and safety in the countries where Pact works. Pact implements the iTSCi due diligence & traceability system and develops/implements social programs to address issues such as occupational safety and health, formalization of the artisanal mining sector, and rights and opportunities for women in mining.  Details of all these activities and contributions can be found here.

Watch Pact's video "Unconflicted" here.

Mineral Certification at the BGR

BGR, the Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources, as the central geoscientific authority for the German Government, has been engaged in mineral certification, due diligence and ASM formalization efforts in the Great Lakes Region region of Arfica and internationally through a number of technical cooperation projects implemented since 2006. In response to international calls to constrain the origin of responsibly sourced minerals, BGR scientists started developing the Analytical Fingerprint (AFP) method to evaluate the mineralogical and geochemical characteristics of individual 3T ore deposits and their differentiating features. BGR developed and refined the mineral certification concept as well as demonstrated its feasibility on a voluntary base through the G8 pilot project on Certified Trading Chains (CTC), implemented in Rwanda from 2008-2011 in cooperation with government and private sector partners. In 2009, a bilateral cooperation program on “Strengthening the transparency and control of the natural resource sector” was initiated between the DR Congo and Germany. The program is currently in its second phase and includes introducing and adapting the CTC concept to the DRC context together with Congolese partner institutions. In 2011, BGR joined the German cooperation program “Support to the International Conference on the Great Lakes Region (ICGLR)”. The multi-phase program currently runs until the end of 2016. The BGR module “Support to regional mineral certification” has two components, namely (1) introducing and transferring AFP technology and management capacity into the Great Lakes Region (including establishing the necessary analytical facilities), and (2) supporting ASM formalization and mineral certification in Rwanda and Burundi.

Solutions for Hope

The Solutions for Hope platform supports companies, civil society organizations, and governments working together to responsibly source minerals from regions where due diligence and market access are limited by opaque supply chains and where partners are seeking to support local development. The SfH platform and pilots enable collaborative problem-solving and risk mitigation, testing of due diligence approaches, and recognition for participation. The platform fosters dialogue and shared learning across minerals and geographies, expediting solutions by sharing approaches and guidance on challenges that arise in pilots and moving to scale. Since its start, SfH has successfully demonstrated that 1) it is feasible for downstream companies to establish supply chains originating with responsibly sourcing mines in regions impacted by conflict; 2) these supply chains can be independently validated as conformant, thus mitigating risks of in-region sourcing; and 3) leaders from civil society support responsible sourcing from regions experiencing conflict and recognizes companies participating in SfH, as a complement to regulatory initiatives focused on transparency.

Public Private Initiatives

The European Partnership for Responsible Minerals (EPRM)

The European Partnership for Responsible Minerals (EPRM) is a public-private partnership aiming to stimulate the demand for and supply of responsibly sourced minerals from conflict-affected and high risk areas. On the one hand, the EPRM serves as a knowledge platform where organisations can share knowledge on due diligence, and on the other hand it supports activities to improve the conditions in mining areas in conflict-affected and high risk areas. Initially, the EPRM focuses on the 3TG minerals (tin, tantalum, tungsten and gold). It has a global scope. For additional inquiries, please write to

Public-Private Alliance for Responsible Minerals Trade (PPA)

The Public-Private Alliance for Responsible Minerals Trade (PPA) is a multi-sector and multi-stakeholder initiative to support supply chain solutions to responsibly sourced minerals challenges in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and the Great Lakes Region (GLR) of Central Africa. The PPA provides funding and coordination support to organizations working within the region to develop verifiable conformant supply chains; align chain-of-custody programs and practices; encourage responsible sourcing from the region; promote transparency; and bolster in-region civil society and governmental capacity.

Visit our Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining (ASM) Gold Projects page for information on how to support gold-specific initiatives.